So how do you know if you are obese? There are two critical parameters used to determine if your weight is linked to increased risk of heart disease. These are: body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference. BMI is calculated from a person’s height and weight and a count above 30 usually confirms obesity. Similarly, risk of heart disease is higher in men with a waist circumference (measured just above the navel) of more than 40 inches and among women, above 35 inches.
Obesity is associated with a clutch of risk factors for cardiovascular disease including: High blood cholesterol, particularly triglycerides and LDL cholesterol, high blood pressure, type-2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome (a group of heart disease risk factors increasing chances of developing heart disease, stroke and diabetes). Obese and overweight people often have an enlarged left ventricle (left ventricular hypertrophy), thus running the risk of heart failure.
Heart disorders linked to obesity
A bunch of heart problems are related to obesity:
The mantra is: Watch your weight, lower the risk of heart disease. Remember, even if you don’t have diabetes or hypertension, those extra kilograms could be harming your heart silently.
Sometimes, all these lifestyle modifications may not be enough to lose weight. For such individuals, the doctor might advise bariatric surgery.
At Medica our Heart care unit with comprehensive facilities provides multi-disciplinary treatment and care for obesity related heart problems.
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