Epilepsy refers to the neurological disorder of the central nervous system in which the activities of the brain become abnormal, leading to seizures, unusual behaviour, sensations, and loss of awareness.
Anybody can suffer from epilepsy irrespective of age, gender, and ethnicity.
Seizure symptoms can vary with people. Some may stare blankly during a seizure, while others may twitch their arms or legs. Having a single seizure may not mean one has epilepsy. Two or more unprovoked seizures may be diagnosed as epilepsy. Some people may require lifelong treatment to control seizures, but for some, it may go away. Some children may even outgrow this condition with age.
A person suffering from Epilepsy can show symptoms like:
Seizures can be either focal or generalized.
These seizures, known as focal or partial seizures, are caused by abnormal activities in one portion of your brain. They may be divided into 2 categories:
Focal seizures with no loss of consciousness – Such seizures do not cause a loss of awareness or consciousness. They result in involuntary jerking of a body part, such as an arm or leg, and cause dizziness, tingling, and flashes.
Focal seizures with impaired awareness – In these seizures, there may be a loss of consciousness. One may perform repetitive motions like hand rubbing, chewing, swallowing or walking in circles during such seizures.
Seizures that involve the whole brain are called generalized seizures. They are mainly of 6 types:
Absence seizures – These generally occur in children and symptoms may be staring blankly or without focusing on anything. They occur in clusters and may lead to a loss of awareness.
Tonic seizures – These mainly affect muscles of the back, arms and legs and may cause one to fall to the ground.
Atonic seizures – Atonic seizures, or drop seizures, cause a loss of muscle control, which may lead to a sudden collapse or downfall.
Clonic seizures – There may be repeated jerking muscle movements in such seizures. They generally affect the neck, face and arm muscles.
Myoclonic seizures – These seizures appear as sudden brief jerks or twitches in the arms and legs.
Tonic-clonic seizures – These seizures can lead to an abrupt loss of consciousness with biting of the tongue, stiffening and shaking of the body, and loss of control of the bladder.
Epilepsy may be traced to some factors like:
Factors increasing the risk of epilepsy:
It is time to see a doctor if any of the following occurs:
Seek immediate medical advice for quick diagnosis and treatment when you notice the given symptoms.
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