Six year old Ria was a lonely and unhappy child. While all her friends were out playing in the park in the evenings, she wasn’t allowed to go out, as her mother was always afraid that she would catch a cold. And, catching a cold for her meant long episodes of incessant coughing accompanied by painful wheezing and shortness of breath. Ria had asthma, a condition she had been detected with two years ago following an episode of cough and cold with severe breathlessness. The good news however, was that her condition was manageable and the Paediatrician said that Ria was likely to outgrow the manifestations when she is older.
What is Childhood Asthma?
Though the triggers and the treatment for Paediatric asthma are often the same as in adults, the challenges in children are very different.
Cold or allergens like pollen can cause inflammation in the lungs and airways of a child. The coughing, wheezing and tightness in the chest due to this may make it difficult for him/her to do everyday activities or get sound sleep. In children an asthma attack is more likely to develop into an emergency requiring a visit to the hospital. In some children the manifestations of the condition may subside during puberty, but it may come back in later life.
Causes and Triggers of Childhood Asthma
Some of the most common triggers of Childhood Asthma include:
Signs and Symptoms of Childhood Asthma
Not all children may have the same asthma symptoms and it may differ from one episode to the next. Signs and symptoms of asthma in children include:
Experts often refer to the condition as “reactive airways disease” and “bronchiolitis” in infants and toddlers. Tests may not always be able to confirm asthma in children younger than 5 years of age.
When to get emergency care
Most of the times an asthma attack can be treated at home, but you may need to visit an emergency if your child shows the following symptoms:
Children with the following risk factors are likely to be more susceptible to asthma:
Avoiding Childhood Asthma Triggers
To prevent asthma attacks or to keep them from getting worse, follow these steps:
To prevent childhood Asthma complications one will need to work closely with the treating doctor to learn all about asthma in children, how to avoid triggers, what medications to give, and how to handle the situation in case of an emergency.
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