55-year-old Sunil Srivastava had not been feeling well lately. He had lost his appetite, was feeling nauseous all the time and not sleeping very well. He was feeling tired all the time. His wife noticed his hands and feet looked a little swollen. Being a diabetic, he initially thought his blood sugar was the problem. His diabetologist, however, told him he needed to run a few test to see his kidney function. His test reports revealed his kidneys were not functioning normally and there were some abnormalities. The doctor referred him to a nephrologist, who diagnosed that he was suffering from Chronic Kidney Disease and would need life-long treatment and lifestyle modifications to prevent kidney failure.
Chronic Kidney Disease refers to lasting damage to the kidneys that can get worse over time. Kidney damage is irreversible, and over time neglect can lead to your kidneys stop working altogether. This is called kidney, or end stage renal, failure. When this happens, one will need dialysis or a kidney transplant to survive.
Some factors that increase the risk of CKD:
Causes and conditions that cause chronic kidney disease include:
Some common symptoms if your kidneys are beginning to fail are:
If your kidneys stop working suddenly (acute kidney failure), you may notice one or more of the following symptoms:
If you notice one or more of these symptoms, contact a doctor right away.
Your kidneys help your body work properly and get rid of the unwanted substances from the body. When you have CKD, you can also have problems with how the rest of your body is working and cause complications like:
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) refers to five stages of kidney damage or failure, from very mild damage in stage 1 to complete kidney failure in stage 5. These stages are based on how well the kidneys can filter waste and extra fluid out of the blood. In the early stages the kidneys are still able to filter out waste from your blood, however in the later stages they need to work harder and ultimately may stop working altogether.
The doctors measure how well your kidneys filter waste from your blood by studying the estimated glomerular filtration rate, or eGFR based on the blood test for creatinine, a waste product in the blood.
The doctors may ask you to carry out certain tests and procedures to diagnose Kidney disease:
Kidney damage cannot be reversed, but by following certain steps you can slow the progress of the disease.
Diagnosis of kidney disease early, may help to prevent kidney failure.
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